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Modigliani and His Friends
Seventh room

Accustomed to working with live models, Modigliani expressed little interest in landscape before a stay in the south of France, where lack of professional models encouraged him to experiment in this genre. The small group of around six landscapes by the artist that have survived are close in approach to the work of Cézanne, Braque, and Derain, although they also anticipate an austere and melancholy type of landscape, close to the Italian Metaphysical School.

Quite different to Modigliani's restrained style, Soutine's intense, agitated landscapes executed in the south of France fully express his subjective approach. Maurice Utrillo, one of the artists closest to Modigliani, also placed his urban views of Paris at the heart of his output, using a soft, late Impressionist style. Chagall, in contrast, offered a fantastical and dream-like vision, painted with a formal liberty attained through his knowledge of Cubism. In the case of Léopold Survage, with whom Modigliani stayed for most of his time in Nice, his art mixed Synthetic Cubism with a brilliant, almost Fauve colouring.
Landscape at Cagnes

Amedeo Modigliani
Landscape at Cagnes, 1919
Oil on canvas. 45.7 x 27.9 cm
Private collection
The Church of Chatou

Derain, André
The Church of Chatou, 1909
Oil on canvas. 34.5 x 35.7 cm
Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection on loan to the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
Cagnes Landscape

Soutine, Chaïm
Cagnes Landscape, c. 1923-1924
Oil on canvas. 60 x 73 cm
Mr. Lev Elkin and Mrs. Marina Ouzdin Collection